Standard Wireline Data Processing (re-entry, phase 2)


IODP-USIO logging contractor: LDEO-BRG

Hole: 1256D

Expedition: 309

Location: Guatemala Basin (NE equatorial Pacific)

Latitude: 6° 44.163' N

Longitude: 91° 56.061' W

Logging date: August 21-24, 2005

Sea floor depth (driller's): 3645.4 mbrf

Sea floor depth (logger's): 3643.5 mbrf

Total penetration: 1255.1 mbsf

Total core recovered: 143.2 m (34.7%; on Exp 309)

Oldest sediment recovered: Calcareous nannofossil ooze (Middle Miocene) at Hole 1256B during ODP Leg 206

Lithologies: Clay-rich sediments and calcareous nannofossil ooze (sediments); basalt flows and dykes (basement)




The logging data was recorded by Schlumberger in DLIS format. Data were processed at the Borehole Research Group at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.


Logging Runs-Phase 2


Tool string Pass Top depth (mbsf) Bottom depth (mbsf) Casing depth (mbsf) Notes
Pass 1
4. WST
Pass 2


Hole 1256D, originally drilled during Leg 206, was logged twice during Expedition 309, phase 1 at the start of the expedition (from 269 to 722mbsf) and phase 2, described here, at the end. The DLL/APS/HLDS/HNGS/TAP tool string reached to within 29 of the bottom of the hole. The second tool string, the FMS/DSI/GPIT/SGT recorded good logs, but at the top of the pass, the FMS caliper arms would not close, and the tool had to be pulled into the pipe (the caliper arms were not damaged). After some testing to find the best UBI settings, the UBI/GPIT/SGT tool string recorded the main pass in high-resolution mode (130 m/hr) and the repeat pass at low resolution (260 m/hr). The WST was lowered 20m into the open hole but the cable lost tension and the run was abandoned. The cable was found to be kinked to about 50 m above the cable head, and this section was removed. With the time available, a second FMS/DSI/GPIT/SGT pass was run, covering nearly the whole open-hole interval.  The wireline heave compensator was used to counter minor ship heave.


The depths in the table are for the processed logs (after depth matching between passes and depth shift to the sea floor). Generally, discrepancies may exist between the sea floor depths determined from the downhole logs and those determined by the drillers from the pipe length. Typical reasons for depth discrepancies are ship heave, wireline and pipe stretch, tides, and the difficulty of getting an accurate sea floor from the 'bottom felt''depth in soft sediment.




Depth shift: The original logs were shifted to the sea floor (-3643.5 m), and the LLD and HSGR logs from the DLL/APS/HLDS/HNGS/TAP main pass were depth matched to the equivalent logs from phase 1 logging of this hole. This shifted main pass became the reference for the other tool strings from Phase 2 logging. The sea floor depth was not determined directly; the sea floor depth was set so that the bottom of the casing in the logs appeared at the same depth (269 mbsf) as given by the drillers, as had been done for the Phase 1 logging.  For Hole 1256D, it differs by 1.9 m from the "bottom felt" depth given by the drillers (see above).

Depth matching is typically done in the following way. One log is chosen as reference (base) log (usually the total gamma ray log from the run with the greatest vertical extent), and then the features in the equivalent logs from the other runs are matched to it in turn. This matching is performed manually. The depth adjustments that were required to bring the match log in line with the base log are then applied to all the other logs from the same tool string.


Environmental corrections: The HNGS and SGT data were corrected for hole size during the recording. The APS and HLDS have been corrected for standoff and hole diameter respectively during the recording.


High-resolution data: Bulk density and neutron porosity data were recorded at a sampling rate of 2.54 and 5.08 cm, respectively. The enhanced bulk density curve is the result of Schlumberger enhanced processing technique performed on the MAXIS system onboard. While in normal processing short-spacing data is smoothed to match the long-spacing one, in enhanced processing this is reversed. In a situation where there is good contact between the HLDS pad and the borehole wall (low-density correction) the results are improved, because the short spacing has better vertical resolution. SGT gamma ray was recorded at 15.24 and 5.08 cm sampling rates.


Acoustic data: The dipole shear sonic imager (DSI) was run in P&S, upper and lower dipole, and Stonely modes on pass 1 and in P&S, Stoneley, and cross dipole modes on pass 2.


Quality Control


The quality of the data is assessed by checking against reasonable values for the logged lithologies, by repeatability between different passes of the same tool, and by correspondence between logs affected by the same formation property (e.g. the resistivity log should show similar features to the density log).


Gamma ray logs recorded through bottom hole assembly (BHA) and drill pipe should be used only qualitatively, because of the attenuation on the incoming signal. The thick-walled BHA attenuates the signal more than the thinner-walled drill pipe.


A wide (>12") and/or irregular borehole affects most recordings, particularly those that require eccentralization and a good contact with the borehole wall (HLDS/APS). Hole diameter was recorded by the hydraulic caliper on the HLDS tool (LCAL) and on the FMS tool (C1 and C2). The hole was in good condition, generally reading between 10-12 inches in diameter. Slightly wider sections with thin wash-outs occur at 348-403, 418-435, 450-473, 530-605, 678-694, 816-824, 919-930, 1050-1061 mbsf. At depths deeper than 968 mbsf, the hole is smoother and has less thin washouts than above.


A null value of -999.25 may replace invalid log values.


Additional information about the drilling and logging operation can be found in the Operations section of the Site Chapter in IODP Expedition Reports Volume 309. For further questions about the logs, please contact:


Cristina Broglia

Phone: 845-365-8343

Fax: 845-365-3182

E-mail: Cristina Broglia