Wireline Sonic Waveform Data


IODP logging contractor: USIO/LDEO

Hole: U1348A

Expedition: 324

Location: Shatsky Rise, TAMU Massif (NW Pacific Ocean)

Latitude: 34° 24.9396' N

Longitude: 159 °22.9074' E

Logging date: October 5-6, 2009

Sea floor depth (driller's): 3275 m DRF

Sea floor depth (logger's): 3267 m WRF

Total penetration:  3599.1 m DRF (324.1 m DSF)

Total core recovered: 81.01 m (25 % of cored section)

Oldest sediment recovered: Aptian to Albian (early Cretaceous)

Lithology:  Nannofossil ooze, chert, sandstones, carbonates, mudstones, breccias


TOOL USED: DSI (Dipole Sonic Imager)

Recording mode: Monopole P&S (all passes, with standard frequency), Upper Dipole (all passes with standard frequency) and Lower Dipole (Pass 2 with low frequency) modes.

Remarks about the recording: none.


MONOPOLE P&S MODE: measures compressional and hard-rock shear slowness. The monopole transmitter is excited by a high-frequency pulse, which reproduces conditions similar to previous sonic tools.

UPPER DIPOLE MODE: measures shear wave slowness using firings of the upper dipole transmitter.

LOWER DIPOLE MODE: measures shear wave slowness using firings of the lower dipole transmitter.


Acoustic data are recorded in DLIS format. Each of the eight waveforms generally consists of 512 samples (256 in cross-dipole mode), each recorded every 10 (monopole P&S) and 40 microsec (all dipole and Stoneley modes), at depth intervals of 15.24 cm (6 inches). The original data in DLIS format is first loaded on a Sun system using GeoFrame software. The packed waveform data files are then converted into ASCII and finally binary format.

Each row of the binary file is composed of the entire waveform set recorded at each depth, preceded by the depth. In the general case of 8 waveforms with 512 samples per waveform, this corresponds to 1 + 4x512 = 4097 columns. In this hole, the specifications of the files are:

Number of columns: 4097

Number of rows:  2401 (Downlog)

Number of rows: 1727 (Pass 1)

Number of rows: 444 (Pass 2)

All values are stored as 'IEEE floating point numbers' (= 4 bytes).

Any numerical software or programing language (matlab, python,...) can import the files for further analysis of the waveforms.

The following files were converted:


DSI from FMS/DSI/GPIT/HNGS (Downlog, pipe at 3368 m WRF)

324-U1348A_mono_p1.bin: 3227.83-3593.59 m WRF

324-U1348A_udip_p1.bin: 3227.83-3593.59 m WRF


DSI from FMS/DSI/GPIT/HNGS (Pass 1, recorded open hole)

324-U1348A_mono_p1.bin: 3595.88-3332.84 m WRF

324-U1348A_udip_p1.bin: 3595.88-3332.84 m WRF


DSI from FMS/DSI/GPIT/HNGS (Pass 2, pipe at 3368 mbrf)

324-U1348A_mono_p1.bin: 3392.42-3324.91 m WRF

324-U1348A_ldip_p1.bin: 3392.42-3324.91 m WRF

324-U1348A_udip_p1.bin: 3392.42-3324.91 m WRF


The sonic waveform files are not depth shifted to a reference run or to the seafloor. For depth shift to the sea floor, please refer to the DEPTH SHIFT section in the standard data processing documentation file.


NOTE: For users interested in converting the data to a format more suitable for their own purpose, a simple routine to read the binary files would include a couple of basic steps (here in old fashioned fortran 77, but would be similar in matlab or other languages):

The first step is to extract the files dimensions and specification from the header, which is the first record in each file:

  open (1, file = *.bin,access = 'direct', recl = 50) <-- NB:50 is enough to real all fields

  read (1, rec = 1)nz, ns, nrec, ntool, mode, dz, scale, dt

  close (1)

The various fields in the header are:
      - number of depths
      - number of samples per waveform and per receiver
      - number of receivers
      - tool number (0 = DSI; 1 = SonicVISION; 2 = SonicScope; 3 = Sonic Scanner; 4 = XBAT; 5 = MCS; 6 = SDT; 7 = LSS; 8 = SST; 9 = BHC; 10 = QL40; 11 = 2PSA)
      - mode (1 = Lower Dipole, 2 = Upper Dipole, 3 = Stoneley, 4 = Monopole)
      - vertical sampling interval *
      - scaling factor for depth (1.0 = meters; 0.3048 = feet) *
      - waveform sampling rate in microseconds *

All those values are stored as 4 bytes integers, except for the ones marked by an asterisk, stored as 4 bytes IEEE floating point numbers.

Then, if the number of depths, samples per waveform/receiver, and receivers are nz, ns, and nrec, respectively, a command to open the file would be:

  open (1, file = *.bin, access = 'direct', recl = 4*(1 + nrec*ns))

Finally, a generic loop to read the data and store them in an array of dimension nrec × ns × nz would be:

  do k = 1, nz

    read (1, rec = 1+k) depth(k), ((data(i,j,k), j = 1,ns), i = 1,nrec)



Additional information about the drilling and logging operations can be found in the Operations and Downhole Measurements sections of the expedition report, Proceedings of the Integrated Drilling Program, Expedition 324. For further questions about the logs, please contact:


Cristina Broglia

Phone: 845-365-8343

Fax: 845-365-3182

E-mail:Crisitna Broglia


Tanzhuo Liu

Phone: 845-365-8630

Fax: 845-365-3182

E-mail:Tanzhuo Liu