ODP logging contractor: LDEO-BRG

Well name: 638C

Leg: 103

Location: Galicia Bank (NE Atlantic)

Latitude: 42° 9.2' N

Longitude: 12° 11.8' W

Logging date: June, 1985

Bottom felt: 4673 mbrf (used for depth shift to sea floor)

Total penetration: 547.2 mbsf

Total core recovered: 37.7 m (28 %)


Logging Runs


Logging string 1: DIT/LSS/GR

Logging string 2: LDT/CNTG/NGT

         Wireline heave compensator was not used to counter ship heave; ship heave at time of logging ranged between 0.3 and 1 m.


Bottom-hole Assembly


         The following bottom-hole assembly depths are as they appear on the logs after differential depth shift (see "Depth shift" section) and depth shift to the sea floor. As such, there might be a discrepancy with the original depths given by the drillers onboard. Possible reasons for depth discrepancies are ship heave and drill string and/or wireline stretch.

         DIT/LSS/GR: Bottom-hole assembly at ~105 mbsf

         LDT/CNTG/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~105 mbsf.




         Depth shift: Original logs have been interactively depth shifted with reference to NGT from LDT/CNTG/NGT run and to the sea floor (- 4673 m). The program used is an interactive, graphical depth-match program which allows to visually correlate logs and to define appropriate shifts. The reference and match channels are displayed on the screen, with vectors connecting old (reference curve) and new (match curve) shift depths. The total gamma ray curve (SGR) from the NGT tool run on each logging string is used to correlate the logging runs most often. In general, the reference curve is chosen on the basis of constant, low cable tension and high cable speed (tools run at faster speeds are less likely to stick and are less susceptible to data degradation caused by ship heave). Other factors, however, such as the length of the logged interval, the presence of drill pipe, and the statistical quality of the collected data (better statistics is obtained at lower logging speeds) are also considered in the selection. A list of the amount of differential depth shifts applied at this hole is  available upon request.


         Gamma-ray processing: NGT data have been processed to correct for borehole size and type of drilling fluid.


         Acoustic data processing: The long spacing sonic logs from the pass recorded downhole have been processed to eliminate some of the noise and cycle skipping experienced during the recording. Using two sets of the four transit time measurements and proper depth justification, four independent measurements over a -2ft interval centered on the depth of interest are determined, each based on the difference between a pair of transmitters and receivers. The program discards any transit time that is negative or falls outside a range of meaningful values selected by the processor.


Quality Control


         null value=-999.25. This value generally appears in discrete core measurement files and also it may replace recorded log values or results which are considered invalid (ex. processed sonic data).

         During the processing, quality control of the data is mainly performed by cross-correlation of all logging data. Large (>12") and/or irregular borehole affects most recordings, particularly those that require eccentralization (LDT) and a good contact with the borehole wall.

         Data recorded through bottom-hole assembly should be used qualitatively only because of the attenuation on the incoming signal.

         Hole diameter was recorded by the 3-arm mechanical caliper device.


         Additional information about the logs can be found in the "Explanatory Notes" and Site Chapter, ODP IR volume 103. For further questions about the logs, please contact:


Cristina Broglia
Phone: 845-365-8343
Fax: 845-365-3182
E-mail: Cristina Broglia