Wireline Standard Data Processing


ODP logging contractor: LDEO-BRG

Hole: 821A

Leg: 133

Location: Central Great Barrier Reef (tropical SW Pacific)

Latitude: 16° 38.793' S

Longitude: 146° 17.376' E

Logging date: September, 1990

Bottom felt: 224.1 mbrf (used for depth shift to sea floor)

Total penetration: 400 mbsf

Total core recovered: 382.9 m (95.7 %)


Logging Runs


Logging string 1: DIT/SDT/HLDT/NGT

Logging string 2: FMS/GPIT/NGT (2 passes)

The logging report did not provide any information about use of wireline heave compensator.


Bottom-hole Assembly


The following bottom-hole assembly depths is as it appears on the logs after depth shift to the sea floor. As such, there might be a discrepancy with the original depths given by the drillers onboard. Possible reasons for depth discrepancies are ship heave and drill string and/or wireline stretch.


DIT/SDT/HLDT/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~65 mbsf

FMS/GPIT/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~65 mbsf (pass 1)

FMS/GPIT/NGT: Recorded open-hole (pass 2).




Depth shift: Original logs have been interactively depth shifted with reference to NGT from DIT/SDT/HLDT/NGT main run and to the sea floor (- 224.1 m). The program used is an interactive, graphical depth-match program which allows to visually correlate logs and to define appropriate shifts. The reference and match channels are displayed on the screen, with vectors connecting old (reference curve) and new (match curve) shift depths. The total gamma ray curve (SGR) from the NGT tool run on each logging string is used to correlate the logging runs most often. In general, the reference curve is chosen on the basis of constant, low cable tension and high cable speed (tools run at faster speeds are less likely to stick and are less susceptible to data degradation caused by ship heave). Other factors, however, such as the length of the logged interval, the presence of drill pipe, and the statistical quality of the collected data (better statistics is obtained at lower logging speeds) are also considered in the selection. A list of the amount of differential depth shifts applied at this hole is  available upon request.


Gamma-ray processing: NGT data have been processed to correct for borehole size and type of drilling fluid.


Acoustic data processing: The array sonic tool was operated in standard depth-derived borehole compensated mode, including long-spacing (8-10-10-12') logs. The sonic logs have been processed to eliminate some of the noise and cycle skipping experienced during the recording. Using two sets of the four transit time measurements and proper depth justification, four independent measurements over a -2ft interval centered on the depth of interest are determined, each based on the difference between a pair of transmitters and receivers. The program discards any transit time that is negative or falls outside a range of meaningful values selected by the processor.


Quality Control


null value=-999.25. This value generally replace recorded log values or results which are considered invalid.


During the processing, quality control of the data is mainly performed by cross-correlation of all logging data. Large (>12") and/or irregular borehole affects most recordings, particularly those that require eccentralization (HLDT) and a good contact with the borehole wall. The HLDT caliper was not operational and the tool did not make proper contact throughout the logged section. Poor density readings were collected in the 209-220, 290-295, 308-313, and 358-364 mbsf intervals.


Data recorded through bottom-hole assembly should be used qualitatively only because of the attenuation on the incoming signal.


Hole diameter was recorded by the 3-arm mechanical caliper device (MCD) and by the caliper on the FMS string (C1 and C2). The lithodensity tool caliper was not operational.


Additional information about the logs can be found in the "Explanatory Notes" and Site Chapter, ODP IR volume 133. For further questions about the logs, please contact:


Cristina Broglia
Phone: 845-365-8343
Fax: 845-365-3182
E-mail: Cristina Broglia