Wireline Standard Data Processing
Location: Galapagos Islands (tropical NE Pacific)
Latitude: 3° 5.696' N
Longitude: 90° 49.078' W
Logging date: May, 1991
Bottom felt: 3307.5 mbrf (used for depth shift to sea floor)
Total penetration: 422.2 mbsf
Total core recovered: 373.4 m (88.4 %)
Logging string 1: DIT/SDT/HLDT/NGT
Logging string 2: ACT/GST/NGT
Logging string 3: FMS/GPIT/NGT (2 passes)
Wireline heave compensator was used to counter ship heave.
The following bottom-hole assembly depths are as they appear on the logs after differential depth shift (see "Depth shift" section) and depth shift to the sea floor. As such, there might be a discrepancy with the original depths given by the drillers onboard. Possible reasons for depth discrepancies are ship heave, use of wireline heave compensator, and drill string and/or wireline stretch.
DIT/SDT/HLDT/NGT: Recorded open-hole
ACT/GST/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~42.5 mbsf
FMS/GPIT/NGT: Recorded open-hole.
Depth shift: Original logs have been interactively depth shifted with reference to NGT from DIT/SDT/HLDT/NGT run and to the sea floor (- 3307.5 m). The program used is an interactive, graphical depth-match program which allows to visually correlate logs and to define appropriate shifts. The reference and match channels are displayed on the screen, with vectors connecting old (reference curve) and new (match curve) shift depths. The total gamma ray curve (SGR) from the NGT tool run on each logging string is used to correlate the logging runs most often. In general, the reference curve is chosen on the basis of constant, low cable tension and high cable speed (tools run at faster speeds are less likely to stick and are less susceptible to data degradation caused by ship heave). Other factors, however, such as the length of the logged interval, the presence of drill pipe, and the statistical quality of the collected data (better statistics is obtained at lower logging speeds) are also considered in the selection. A list of the amount of differential depth shifts applied at this hole is available upon request.
Gamma-ray processing: NGT data from all tool strings have been processed to correct for borehole size and type of drilling fluid.
Acoustic data processing: The array sonic tool was operated in standard depth-derived borehole compensated mode, including long-spacing (8-10-10-12') logs. Because of the good quality of the sonic data, no processing has been necessary. Velocity has been computed after minor editing of the delay times.
null value=-999.25. This value generally appears in discrete core measurement files and also it may replace recorded log values or results which are considered invalid.
During the processing, quality control of the data is mainly performed by cross-correlation of all logging data. Large (>12") and/or irregular borehole affects most recordings, particularly those that require eccentralization (HLDT) and a good contact with the borehole wall. Hole deviation can also affect the data negatively; the FMS, for example, is not designed to be run in holes deviated more than 10 degrees, as the tool weight might cause the caliper to close.
Data recorded through bottom-hole assembly should be used qualitatively only because of the attenuation on the incoming signal.
An invalid resistivity and spike was recorded at 370 mbsf; invalid density spikes were recorded at 292 and 370 mbsf..
Hole diameter was recorded by the hydraulic caliper on the HLDT tool (CALI) and on the FMS string (C1 and C2).
Additional information about the logs can be found in the "Explanatory Notes" and Site Chapter, ODP IR volume 138.. For further questions about the logs, please contact:
E-mail: Cristina Broglia
E-mail: Trevor Williams