Temperature Data Processing


ODP logging contractor: LDEO-BRG

Hole: 846B

Leg: 138

Location: Galapagos Islands (tropical NE Pacific)

Latitude: 3° 5.696' N

Longitude: 90° 49.078' W

Logging date: May, 1991

Bottom felt: 3307.5 mbrf (used for depth shift to sea floor)

Total penetration: 422.2 mbsf

Total core recovered: 373.4 m (88.4 %)

Water Depth: 3295.8 mbsl

Temperature Tool Used: LDEO-TLT

Depth versus time recording available: NO


Logging Runs


Logging string 1: DIT/SDT/HLDT/NGT

Logging string 2: ACT/GST/NGT

Logging string 3: FMS/GPIT/NGT (2 passes)


Wireline heave compensator was used to counter ship heave.


Tool Information


The LDEO-TLT tool is a self-contained, high precision, low-temperature logging tool that is attached to the bottom of the Schlumberger tool strings. The tool provides two temperature measurements (in degree Celsius, recorded by a fast-response and a slow-response thermistor.  The fast-response thermistor, though low in accuracy, is able to detect sudden, small temperature excursions caused by fluid flow between the formation and the borehole. The highly accurate, slow-response thermistor can be used to estimate heat flow. Pressure and the two temperature measurements are recorded as a function of time: conversion to depth can be based on the pressure reading (Legs 123-157) or, preferably, on simultaneous recording (by Schlumberger) of depth and time (Legs 159-181).


Data Processing


A linear relationship of pressure versus depth has been calculated from the pressure reading at the mudline and at the total logging depth for each logging run. The pressure at the mudline corresponds to the pressure recorded by the tool during the calibration stop (about 5 minutes), which takes place at the mudline on each logging run. The pressure readings are then converted to depth using a pressure/depth conversion that is linearly interpolated between the values determined at the mudline and total logging depth.


Depth = Pressure * x - WD




Depth = mbsf

Pressure = bars

x = pressure conversion coefficient (m/bars)

WD = mbsl


This procedure does not fully account for the vagaries of the pressure readings that result in lots of ups and downs in the generated depth channel. Further problems arise because of pumping during logging operations, which affects the pressure, especially when the Side Entry Sub is used. Also, whenever heavy pills of mud are used, the pressure-depth calculation is affected, resulting in a non-linear effect that is difficult to account for. If the pressure conversion coefficient is recalculated for the mudline, the resultant total depth is often wrong.


The following processing has been performed at Hole 846B:



Mudline (?) P=329 bars at 198 sec and 330 bars at 9,969 sec


Pmax=372 bars at 2,048 sec and 372 bars at 8,151 sec


Pressure conversion factor calculated from average of pressure at mudline and bottom of logged interval

Depth=Pressure * 10.005-3295.8


Logging Run: ACT/GST/NGT

No good data recorded.


Logging Run: FMS/GPIT/NGT (2 passes)

Mudline (?) P=328 bars at 263 sec and 329 bars at 7,372 sec

x=WD/328 =10.048

Pmax = 372 bars at 1.269 sec

Pressure conversion factor from DIT run used.


Information about the temperature logging operations can be found in the Site Chapter (Operations, Downhole Measurements, and Heat Flow sections), ODP IR volume 138.


Cristina Broglia
Phone: 845-365-8343
Fax: 845-365-3182
E-mail: Cristina Broglia