Temperature Data Processing
ODP logging contractor: LDEO-BRG
Location: (NW Pacific)
Latitude: 47° 6.133' N
Longitude: 161° 29.490' E
Logging date: August, 1992
Bottom felt: 5541.7 mbrf
Total penetration: 363.8 mbsf
Total core recovered: 227.2 m (62.5 %)
Water Depth: 5531 mbsl
Temperature Tool Used: LDEO-TLT
Depth versus time recording available: NO
Logging string 1: DIT/SDT/HLDT/CNT/NGT
Wireline heave compensator was used to counter ship heave.
The LDEO-TLT tool is a self-contained, high precision, low-temperature logging tool that is attached to the bottom of the Schlumberger tool strings. The tool provides two temperature measurements (in degree Celsius, recorded by a fast-response and a slow-response thermistor. The fast-response thermistor, though low in accuracy, is able to detect sudden, small temperature excursions caused by fluid flow between the formation and the borehole. The highly accurate, slow-response thermistor can be used to estimate heat flow. Pressure and the two temperature measurements are recorded as a function of time: conversion to depth can be based on the pressure reading (Legs 123-157) or, preferably, on simultaneous recording (by Schlumberger) of depth and time (Legs 159-181).
A linear relationship of pressure versus depth has been calculated from the pressure reading at the mudline and at the total logging depth for each logging run. The pressure at the mudline corresponds to the pressure recorded by the tool during the calibration stop (about 5 minutes), which takes place at the mudline on each logging run. The pressure readings are then converted to depth using a pressure/depth conversion that is linearly interpolated between the values determined at the mudline and total logging depth.
Depth = Pressure * x - WD
Depth = mbsf
Pressure = bars
x = pressure conversion coefficient (m/bars)
WD = mbsl
This procedure does not fully account for the vagaries of the pressure readings that result in lots of ups and downs in the generated depth channel. Further problems arise because of pumping during logging operations, which affects the pressure, especially when the Side Entry Sub is used. Also, whenever heavy pills of mud are used, the pressure-depth calculation is affected, resulting in a non-linear effect that is difficult to account for. If the pressure conversion coefficient is recalculated for the mudline, the resultant total depth is often wrong.
The following processing has been performed at Hole 881C:
Logging Run: DIT/SDT/HLDT/CNT/NGT
Data from slow thermistor are consistently ~1 degC higher than fast thermistor, most likely due to poor calibration.
Pmax=595.3 bars at 360 mbsf
Pressure conversion factor calculated from pressure at bottom of logged interval, because of lack of clear mudline.
Depth=Pressure * 9.896-5531
Information about the temperature logging operations can be found in the Site Chapter (Operations, Downhole Measurements, and Heat Flow sections), ODP IR volume 145.
E-mail: Cristina Broglia