Wireline Standard Data Processing


ODP logging contractor: LDEO-BRG

Hole: 944A

Leg: 155

Location: Amazon Fan (equatorial NW Atlantic)

Latitude: 56.334' N

Longitude: 47° 45.468' W

Logging date: May, 1994

Bottom felt: 3712.6 mbrf

Total penetration: 384.2 mbsf

Total core recovered: 208.01 (54 %)


Logging Runs


Logging string 1: DIT/SDT/HLDT/CNT/NGT

Logging string 2: FMS/GPIT/NGT (2 passes)


Wireline heave compensator was used to counter ship heave.


Bottom-hole Assembly


The following bottom-hole assembly depths are as they appear on the logs after differential depth shift (see "Depth shift" section) and depth shift to the sea floor. As such, there might be a discrepancy with the original depths given by the drillers onboard. Possible reasons for depth discrepancies are ship heave, use of wireline heave compensator, and drill string and/or wireline stretch.


DIT/HLDT/SDT/CNTG/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~75.5 mbsf

FMS/GPIT/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~74.5 mbsf.




Depth shift: Original logs have been interactively depth shifted with reference to NGT from FMS/GPIT/NGT (pass 2) and to the sea floor (- 3711.6 m). The amount used to depth shift the data to the sea floor corresponds to the sea floor depth observed on the FMS logs used as depth reference. It differs 1 meter from the "bottom felt" depth (3712.6 m) given by the drillers. The program used is an interactive, graphical depth-match program which allows to visually correlate logs and to define appropriate shifts. The reference and match channels are displayed on the screen, with vectors connecting old (reference curve) and new (match curve) shift depths. The total gamma ray curve (SGR) from the NGT tool run on each logging string is used to correlate the logging runs most often. In general, the reference curve is chosen on the basis of constant, low cable tension and high cable speed (tools run at faster speeds are less likely to stick and are less susceptible to data degradation caused by ship heave). Other factors, however, such as the length of the logged interval, the presence of drill pipe, and the statistical quality of the collected data (better statistics is obtained at lower logging speeds) are also considered in the selection. A list of the amount of differential depth shifts applied at this hole is  available upon request.


Gamma-ray processing: Data have been processed to correct for borehole size and type of drilling fluid.


Acoustic data processing: Because of the good quality of the data, no processing has been performed.


High-resolution data: Bulk density and neutron porosity data were recorded at a sampling rate of 2.54 and 5.08 cm respectively. The enhanced bulk density curve is the result of Schlumberger enhanced processing technique performed on the MAXIS system onboard. While in normal processing short-spacing data is smoothed to match the long-spacing one, in enhanced processing this is reversed. In a situation where there is good contact between the HLDT pad and the borehole wall (low density correction) the results are improved, because the short-spacing have better vertical resolution.


Quality Control


null value=-999.25. This value generally appears in discrete core measurement files and also it may replace invalid recorded log values or results.


During the processing, quality control of the data is mainly performed by cross-correlation of all logging data. Large (>12") and/or irregular borehole affects most recordings, particularly those that require eccentralization (CNTG, HLDT) and a good contact with the borehole wall. Hole deviation can also affect the data negatively; the FMS, for example, is not designed to be run in holes deviated more than 10 degrees, as the tool weight might cause the caliper to close.


Data recorded through bottom hole assembly (such as the CNTG and NGT data above 75 mbsf) should be used qualitatively only because of the attenuation on the incoming signal. Erroneous NGT spikes were detected at 59-60 mbsf.


Hole diameter was recorded by the hydraulic caliper on the HLDT tool (CALI) and on the FMS string (C1 and C2). As the HLDT caliper started closing at about 88 mbsf, no density data could be corrected for borehole size between this depth and the bottom of the pipe at 75.5 mbsf, and therefore is not included in the database.


Details of standard shore-based processing procedures are found in the "Explanatory Notes" chapter, ODP IR Volume 155. For further information about the logs, please contact:


Cristina Broglia
Phone: 845-365-8343
Fax: 845-365-3182
E-mail: Cristina Broglia