Wireline Standard Data Processing


ODP logging contractor: LDEO-BRG

Hole: 1000B

Leg: 165

Location: Pedro Channel-N Nicaragua Basin (Caribbean Sea)

Latitude: 16° 33.219' N

Longitude: 79° '52.046' W

Logging date: January, 1996

Bottom felt: 927.2 mbrf

Total penetration: 695.9 mbsf

Total core recovered: 142.97 m (67.6 %)


Logging Runs


Logging string 1: DIT/SDT/HLDT/CNTG/NGT

Logging string 2: GHMT/NGT (2 passes)

Logging string 3: FMS/GPIT/NGT (2 passes)


Wireline heave compensator was not used due to a major system failure.


Bottom-hole Assembly/Pipe


The following bottom-hole assembly and pipe depths are as they appear on the logs after differential depth shift (see "Depth shift" section) and depth shift to the sea floor. As such, there might be a discrepancy with the original depths given by the drillers onboard. Possible reasons for depth discrepancies are ship heave and drill string and/or wireline stretch.


DIT/SDT/HLDT/CNTG/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~ 273 mbsf

GHMT/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~ 277 mbsf (pass 1)

GHMT/NGT: Did not reach bottom-hole assembly (pass 2)

FMS/GPIT/NGT: Did not reach bottom-hole assembly (both passes)

DIT/SDT/HLDT/CNTG/NGT: Pipe at ~ 165 mbsf.




Depth shift: Original logs have been interactively depth shifted with reference to NGT from DIT/SDT/HLDT/CNTG/NGT run and to the sea floor (- 924 m). This value corresponds to the bottom of the sea floor as seen on the logs and is 3.2 m shallower than the "bottom felt" depth given by the drillers. The program used is an interactive, graphical depth-match program which allows to visually correlate logs and to define appropriate shifts. The reference and match channels are displayed on the screen, with vectors connecting old (reference curve) and new (match curve) shift depths. The total gamma ray curve (SGR) from the NGT tool run on each logging string is used to correlate the logging runs most often. In general, the reference curve is chosen on the basis of constant, low cable tension and high cable speed (tools run at faster speeds are less likely to stick and are less susceptible to data degradation caused by ship heave). Other factors, however, such as the length of the logged interval, the presence of drill pipe, and the statistical quality of the collected data (better statistics is obtained at lower logging speeds) are also considered in the selection. A list of the amount of differential depth shifts applied at this hole is  available upon request.


Gamma-ray processing: Data have been processed to correct for borehole size and type of drilling fluid.


Acoustic data processing: The array sonic tool was operated in standard depth-derived, borehole compensated, long spacing (8'-10'-10'-12') mode. Because of the good quality of the acoustic logs, no processing has been performed.


High-resolution processing: Bulk density and neutron porosity data were recorded at a sampling rate of 2.54 and 5.08 cm respectively. The enhanced bulk density curve is the result of Schlumberger enhanced processing technique performed on the MAXIS system onboard. While in normal processing short-spacing data is smoothed to match the long-spacing one, in enhanced processing this is reversed. In a situation where there is good contact between the HLDT pad and the borehole wall (low density correction) the results are improved, because the short-spacing have better vertical resolution.


Geological Magnetic Tool: The Geological Magnetic Tool collected data at two different sampling rates, the standard 0.1524 m rate and 0.0508 m. Both data sets from pass 1 and 2 have been depth shifted to the reference run and to the sea floor.


Quality Control


null value=-999.25. This value generally appears in discrete core measurement files and also it may replace recorded log values or results which are considered invalid (ex. processed sonic data).


During the processing, quality control of the data is mainly performed by cross-correlation of all logging data. Large (>12") and/or irregular borehole affects most recordings, particularly those that require eccentralization (CNTG, HLDT) and a good contact with the borehole wall. The density data show a few spikes (397.5, 482.5, 563.5, 627.5, and 642 mbsf) because of instability of the long spacing detector possibly due to borehole conditions. Hole deviation can also affect the data negatively; the FMS, for example, is not designed to be run in holes deviated more than 10 degrees, as the tool weight might cause the caliper to close.


The GHMT data was spiky at 508-526 m mbsf (pass 2).


Data recorded through bottom-hole assembly, such as the neutron porosity and gamma ray data above 273 mbsf should be used qualitatively only because of the attenuation on the incoming signal.


Hole diameter was recorded by the hydraulic caliper on the HLDT tool (CALI) and the caliper on the FMS string (C1 and C2).


Details of standard shore-based processing procedures are found in the "Explanatory Notes" chapter, ODP IR volume 165.  For further information about the logs, please contact:


Cristina Broglia
Phone: 845-365-8343
Fax: 845-365-3182
E-mail: Cristina Broglia