Wireline Standard Data Processing


ODP logging contractor: LDEO-BRG

Hole: 1105A

Leg: 179

Location: SW Indian Ocean Ridge (SW Indian Ocean)

Latitude: 32° 43' S

Longitude: 57° 16' E

Logging date: May, 1998

Bottom felt: 714 mbrf (used for depth shift to sea floor)

Total penetration: 158 mbsf

Total core recovered: 118.4 m (82 %)


Logging Runs


Logging string 1: DIT/SDT/NGT (2 passes; SDT did not collect valid data on either pass)

Logging string 2: FMS/GPIT/NGT (2 passes)

Logging string 3: APS/HLDS/HNGS (2 passes; HLDS functioned only during pass 2, whereas the APS was disallowed due to activation of the formation during the first pass))

Logging string 4: BHC/NGT


The Wireline heave compensator was used to counter ship heave resulting from the mild/rough sea conditions.


Bottom-hole Assembly


The following bottom-hole assembly depths are as they appear on the logs after differential depth shift (see "Depth shift" section) and depth shift to the sea floor. As such, there might be a discrepancy with the original depths given by the drillers onboard. Possible reasons for depth discrepancies are ship heave, use of wireline heave compensator, and drill string and/or wireline stretch.


DIT/SDT/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~20 mbsf

FMS/GPIT/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~20 mbsf

APS/HLDS/HNGS: Bottom-hole assembly ~20 at mbsf

BHC/NGT: Bottom-hole assembly at ~20 mbsf.




Depth shift: Original logs have been interactively depth shifted with reference to NGT from DIT/SDT/NGT Pass 2 and to the sea floor (- 714 mbrf). The program used is an interactive, graphical depth-match program which allows to visually correlate logs and to define appropriate shifts. The reference and match channels are displayed on the screen, with vectors connecting old (reference curve) and new (match curve) shift depths. The total gamma ray curve (SGR or HSGR) from the NGT or HNGS tool run on each logging string is used to correlate the logging runs most often. In general, the reference curve is chosen on the basis of constant, low cable tension and high cable speed (tools run at faster speeds are less likely to stick and are less susceptible to data degradation caused by ship heave). Other factors, however, such as the length of the logged interval, the presence of drill pipe, and the statistical quality of the collected data (better statistics is obtained at lower logging speeds) are also considered in the selection. A list of the amount of differential depth shifts applied at this hole is  available upon request.


Gamma-ray processing: NGT data have been processed to correct for borehole size and type of drilling fluid.


Acoustic data processing: The borehole compensated sonic logs (BHC) have been processed to eliminate some minor cycle skipping experienced during the recording. Using two sets of the four transit time measurements and proper depth justification, four independent measurements over a -2ft interval centered on the depth of interest are determined, each based on the difference between a pair of transmitters and receivers. The program discards any transit time that is negative or falls outside a range of meaningful values selected by the processor.


High-resolution data: Neutron porosity data were recorded at a sampling rate of 5.08 cm respectively in addition to the standard sampling rate of 15.24 cm.


Quality Control


null value=-999.25. This may replace invalid recorded log values or results (ex. processed sonic data).


During the processing, quality control of the data is mainly performed by cross-correlation of all logging data. Large (>12") and/or irregular borehole affects most recordings, particularly those that require eccentralization (APS, HLDS) and a good contact with the borehole wall. Hole deviation can also affect the data negatively; the FMS, for example, is not designed to be run in holes deviated more than 10 degrees, as the tool weight might cause the caliper to close.


Data recorded through bottom-hole assembly should be used qualitatively only because of the attenuation on the incoming signal.


Hole diameter was recorded by the hydraulic caliper on the HLDS tool (LCAL) and on the FMS string (C1 and C2).


Additional information about the logs can be found in the "Explanatory Notes" and Site Chapter, ODP IR volume 179. For further questions about the logs, please contact:


Cristina Broglia
Phone: 845-365-8343
Fax: 845-365-3182
E-mail: Cristina Broglia